[ Directions for Miss McDonald ] John Marshall
Date: There are two parts to this document: the directions, dated 16 July 1782, and the letter from John Marshall to Miss McDonald, dated 23 November 1782, that accompanies the letter. | 1782/07/16 to 1782/11/23
Source: Macdonald Family (St. Peter’s) Papers
Institution: Prince Edward Island Public Archives | Reference: Acc2664
This two part document is Accession 2664, no. 42, pages 1-6. The directions, page 1-2, are in a different hand than the letter. This appears to be because the directions are a copy of the original; the text suggests both are by John Marshall. Miss McDonald might be Helen (Nelly) McDonald. A letter from John MacDonald to his sister Nelly, dated 12 September 1789, makes similar suggestions (see "Remedy for Stomach Ailment" by John MacDonald, Acc. 2664, no. 16, p. 10).
All uses of this image other than research or private study require written permission from the Public Archives and Records Office of Prince Edward Island.
Directions for Miss McDonald.
1. Coolness, quietness and rest seem to be absolutely necessary at present.
2. Your diet should be cooling and slender: sage, salep, Barley or rice
boiled, with milk: gruel, Panada, weak broths, ripe or prepared fruits
are proper. --
3. Your drinks ought to be mild, subacid and opening: Whey, Buttermilk
Barley or Tamarind Watter, milk and Watter c. & are well adapted.--
it is to be observ'd that they are all to be drunk cold and rather in
small quantities at a time; these and drinks of a similar kind may be
4. A few Medicines may be necessary, for which reason for which reason two
or three that experience has pointed out as the most effectual in such cases
If the spiting of blood be not now very considerably lessend it will be neces
sary to take fifteen or twenty drops of the Elixir of Vitriol in a glass of watter
twice or thrice a day.
If you are not warm or feverish, yet at the same time pass
restless Nights, after bathing your legs in a deep bucketful of luke warm
watter for half an hour it will be necessary to take about twenty, or twenty five
drops of Laudanum going to bed, in a cupfull of any of your common
The Laudanum may be occasionally repeated with or without the
Of the bark as much as will lift upon a shilling may be taken three or
four times a day in a little new milk.
Your bed room ought to be cool large and airy the bed curtains should
never be drawn close, A Matress is preferable to a Feather bed, you should sleep
likewise with your head considerably raisd.
If ever you should be come hot and feverish, and your breathing considerably affected
it will then be necessary to lose a little blood from the arm if your strength can possibly admit
Upon the whole till such time as your complaints have for a considera
ble time left you your diet ought to be compos'd almost entirely of milk and
vegetables, and you will then be plase'd to return to your former method
of living by degrees, and all violent exertions must be carefully avoided, in
the mean time grief must not be indulg'd but a change of ideas attentively
courted. amusements where theres little or no exertion required are the most
suitable &c. &c.
At this distance it is probable some circumstances may have escaped
us. The genl scope of the treatments however being pointed out Miss
McDonalds goods sense will easily supply All wants
That she may be speedyly restored to her former state of health
is the most sincere wish of
Halifax 16th July. 1782.
May I hope you will
do me the justice to believe, that it was
with real concern I heard of your relapse.
You must not however [ ] young
to despond. Perhaps, without much
difficulty you can assign a sufficient
As the same ground now must nearly
be again travelled over, I have therefore
put you almost the same Medicines
The Elixir of Vitriol you will be
pleased to use as formerly directed.
As the Nitre, you may take
about a quarter of an ounce in a day
in any of your ordinary drinks.
A tea cupful of the Tincture
of Red Roses may be taken
two or three times a day.
The Tincture is made by infusing
in a stoneware vesel for four or five
hours, an ounce of the dried leaves of
Red Roses, with fifty or sixty drops
of the Elixir of Vitriol, in two pints of
boiling water. Afterwards the Tincture
is to be strained, and sweetened with sugar.
I am sorry I could not at present
send you more of the leaves.
Cold air, Acids, and Aliments
of the laxative and less nutritious
kind must always be duly attended
to. -- If hot and feverish, bleeding will
no doubt be advisable.
The patient must be regulated, and
any violent exertion must be carefully
shunned. By way of exercise, sleighing
may be tried.
The inferior extremities must be kept
comfortably warm by additional cloutting
of the woolen kind.--
Close stoves are dangerous, --Open fire
places are much safer.
I have already had the honour
to write you so very fully on this subject,
that the preceding is intended
merely as a kind of recapitulation
[ ] at a loss, I must therefore
beg leave, to refer you to my former
letter. -- By attention and perseverance,
I make no doubt, but that you will
not only recover health, but likewise
If however, at any time, you
may think I can be of further use
I beg you will freely command,
your most faithful
Halifax, 23rd Nov. 1782.
May I hope you will do
me the honour to present my best respects
to Mrs Calbeck.